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ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona wikiwiki o ka spectrum 5G honua

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona wikiwiki o ka spectrum 5G honua

 

I kēia manawa, ʻo ka holomua hou loa, ke kumukūʻai, a me ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka spectrum 5G honua ma hope nei: (kekahi wahi kūpono ʻole, e ʻoluʻolu e hoʻoponopono iaʻu)

1.Kina

ʻO ka mea mua, e nānā kākou i ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka spectrum 5G o nā ʻoihana nui ʻehā!

ʻO Kina Mobile 5G band frequency:

2.6GHz kaha alapine (2515MHz-2675MHz)

4.9GHz kaha alapine (4800MHz-4900MHz)

Mea hoʻohana Ka pinepine bandwidth Ka huina bandwidth Pūnaewele
Pānaʻi alapine Kaulana
Kina Mobile 900MHz(Band8) Uplink:889-904MHz loulou iho:934-949MHz 15MHz TDD:355MHzFDD:40MHz 2G/NB-IOT/4G
1800MHz(Band3) Uplink:1710-1735MHz loulou iho1805-1830MHz 25MHz 2G/4G
2GHz(Band34) 2010-2025MHz 15MHz 3G/4G
1.9GHz(Band39) 1880-1920MHz 30MHz 4G
2.3GHz(Band40) 2320-2370MHz 50MHz 4G
2.6GHz(Band41,n41) 2515-2675MHz 160MHz 4G/5G
4.9GHz(n79 4800-4900MHz 100MHz 5G

Kina Unicom 5G kaha alapine:

3.5GHz kaha alapine (3500MHz-3600MHz)

Mea hoʻohana alapine (frequency). bandwidth Todal bandwidth pūnaewele
Pānaʻi alapine laula      
Kina Unicom 900MHz(Band8) Uplink:904-915MHz loulou iho:949-960MHz 11MHz TDD: 120MHzFDD:56MHz 2G/NB-IOT/3G/4G
1800MHz(Band3) Uplink:1735-1765MHz loulou iho:1830-1860MHz 20MHz 2G/4G
2.1GHz(Band1,n1) Uplink:1940-1965MHz loulou iho:2130-2155MHz 25MHz 3G/4G/5G
2.3GHz(Band40) 2300-2320MHz 20MHz 4G
2.6GHz(Band41) 2555-2575MHz 20MHz 4G
3.5GHz(n78) 3500-3600MHz 100MHz  

 

 

ʻO Kina Telecom 5G pūʻulu alapine:

3.5GHz kaha alapine (3400MHz-3500MHz)

 

Mea hoʻohana alapine (frequency). bandwidth Todal bandwidth pūnaewele
Pānaʻi alapine laula
Kina Telecom 850MHz(Band5) Uplink:824-835MHz

 

loulou iho:869-880MHz 11MHz TDD: 100MHzFDD:51MHz 3G/4G
1800MHz(Band3) Uplink:1765-1785MHz loulou iho:1860-1880MHz 20MHz 4G
2.1GHz(Band1,n1) Uplink:1920-1940MHz loulou iho:2110-2130MHz 20MHz 4G
2.6GHz(Band41) 2635-2655MHz 20MHz 4G
3.5GHz(n78) 3400-3500MHz 100MHz  

 

ʻO Kina Radio International 5G band frequency:

4.9GHz(4900MHz-5000MHz), 700MHz frequency spectrum ʻaʻole i hoʻoholo ʻia a ʻaʻole maopopo ka alapine.

 

 2. Taiwan, Kina

I kēia manawa, ua hōʻea ke kumukūʻai kūʻai o ka spectrum 5G ma Taiwan i 100.5billion Taiwan dollars, a ʻo ka nui bidding no ka 3.5GHz 300M(Golden frequency) ua hiki i 98.8billion Taiwan dollars. Inā ʻaʻohe mea hoʻohana e hoʻololi a hāʻawi i kahi ʻāpana o ka noi spectrum i nā lā i hala iho nei, e hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ke kumukūʻai.

ʻO ka 5G o Taiwan e hoʻokomo i ʻekolu mau pihi alapine, ʻo ia ka 270MHz i ka hui 3.5GHz e hoʻomaka ma 24.3 biliona kālā Taiwan; E hoʻomaka ana nā pāpā 28GHz ma 3.2 biliona, a ʻo 20MHz ma 1.8GHz e hoʻomaka ma 3.2 biliona kālā Taiwan.

Wahi a ka ʻikepili, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ke kumukūʻai kūʻai o Taiwan's 5G spectrum(100 billion Taiwan dollars) ma mua o ka nui o ka spectrum 5G ma Kelemānia a me Italia. Eia naʻe, ma ke ʻano o ka heluna kanaka a me ke ola laikini, ua lilo ʻo Taiwan i ka helu ʻekahi o ka honua.

Manaʻo nā poʻe loea e hiki i ka 5G spectrum bidding mechanism o Taiwan ke ʻae i nā mea hana e hoʻonui i ke kumukūʻai 5G. ʻO kēia no ka mea ʻoi aku paha ka uku mahina no 5G ma mua o 2000 Taiwan dollars, a ua ʻoi aku ia ma mua o ka uku ma lalo o 1000 Taiwan dollars i hiki i ka lehulehu ke ʻae.

3. Inia

E pili ana ka spectrum auction ma India ma kahi o 8,300 MHz o ka spectrum, me 5G i ka hui 3.3-3.6GHz a me 4G ma 700MHz, 800MHz,900MHz,1800MHz,2100MHz,2300MHz, a me 2500MHz.

ʻO ke kumu kūʻai no kēlā me kēia ʻāpana o 700MHz spectrum he 65.58 billion Indian rupees(US $923 miliona). ʻO ke kumu kūʻai o ka spectrum 5G ma India ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa loa. ʻAʻole kūʻai ʻia ka spectrum ma ke kūʻai ʻana ma 2016. Ua hoʻonoho ke aupuni India i ke kumukūʻai mālama ʻia ma 114.85 biliona rupees India (1.61 biliona US kālā) no kēlā me kēia. ʻO ke kumukūʻai kūʻai kūʻai no ka spectrum 5G he 4.92 biliona Indian rupees (69.2 US miliona)

4. Palani

Ua hoʻomaka mua ʻo Farani i ka pae mua o ke kaʻina hana koho 5G spectrum. Ua hoʻokuʻu ka French Telecommunications Authority (ARCEP) i ka māhele mua o ke kaʻina hana hāʻawi spectrum 3.5GHz 5G, e hiki ai i kēlā me kēia ʻoihana pūnaewele kelepona ke noi no 50MHz o ka spectrum.

Pono ka mea hoʻohana e noi ana e hana i nā pūʻulu o nā ʻōlelo hoʻohiki: pono ka mea hoʻohana e hoʻopiha i ka 3000 kahua kahua o 5G ma 2022, e hoʻonui i 8000 e 2024, 10500 e 2025.

Pono pū ʻo ARCEP i nā mea laikini e hōʻoia i ka uhi nui ma waho o nā kūlanakauhale nui. Pono ka 25% o nā pūnaewele i hoʻouna ʻia mai 2024-2025 e pōmaikaʻi i nā wahi kakaʻikahi, me nā wahi hoʻonohonoho mua e like me ka wehewehe ʻana e nā regulators.

Wahi a ka hoʻolālā, e loaʻa i nā mea hana ʻehā o Farani i ka 50MHz o ka spectrum ma ka band 3.4GHz-3.8GHz no ke kumu kūʻai paʻa o 350M Euro. E kūʻai aku ana kahi kūʻai kūʻai hou aku i nā poloka 10MHz e hoʻomaka ana ma 70 M Euro.

ʻO nā kūʻai a pau e pili ana i ka hoʻokō koʻikoʻi o ka mea hoʻokele i ka uhi, a paʻa ka laikini no 15 mau makahiki.

5. ʻO ka US

ʻO ka US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ma mua i alakaʻi i nā kūʻai kūʻai kikoʻī millimeter wave (mmWave) me ka huina o nā kumukūʻai ma mua o US $1.5 biliona.

I ka pōʻai kūʻai hou loa o nā spectrum, ua hoʻonui ka poʻe mea kūʻai aku i kā lākou mau makana ma 10% a i 20% i kēlā me kēia o nā pōʻai kūʻai ʻeiwa i hala. ʻO ka hopena, ʻike ʻia ka nui o nā kumukūʻai i 3 biliona kālā US.

ʻO kekahi mau ʻāpana o ke aupuni US i ʻae ʻole i ke ʻano o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i kahi spectrum uea 5G. ʻO ka FCC, ka mea nāna i hoʻonohonoho i nā kulekele laikini spectrum, a me ke Keʻena Kalepa, e hoʻohana ana i kekahi mau alapine no nā satelite aniau, aia i ka hakakā ākea, koʻikoʻi no ka wānana ʻino. Ua kū'ē pū nā keʻena halihali, ikehu, a me ka hoʻonaʻauao i nā hoʻolālā e wehe i nā nalu lekiō no ke kūkulu ʻana i nā pūnaewele wikiwiki.

Ke hoʻokuʻu nei ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka 600MHz o ka spectrum hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia no 5G.

a ua hoʻoholo pū ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia nā kaha alapine 28GHz (27.5-28.35GHz) a me 39GHz (37-40GHz) no nā lawelawe 5G.

 6. Māhele ʻEulopa

Hoʻohana ka hapa nui o nā ʻāina ʻEulopa i ka band frequency 3.5GHz, a me 700MHz a me 26GHz.

Ua hoʻopau ʻia nā kūʻai kūʻai kikoʻī 5G: ʻIlelani, Latvia, Sepania (3.5GHz), a me United Kingdom.

Ua hoʻopau ʻia nā kūʻai aku o ka spectrum e hoʻohana ʻia no 5G: Kelemānia (700MHz), Helene a me Norewai (900MHz)

Ua ʻike ʻia nā kūʻai aku spectrum 5G no Austria, Finland, Kelemānia, Greece, Italia, Netherlands, Romania, Sweden, a me Switzerland.

 7. Kōlea Hema

I Iune 2018, ua hoʻopau ʻo South Korea i ka 5G auction no ka 3.42-3.7GHz a me 26.5-28.9GHz frequency bands, a ua kūʻai ʻia ma ka 3.5G frequency band.

Ua ʻōlelo mua ka Ministry of Science and Information and Communication Technology o South Korea i ka manaʻo e hoʻonui i ka bandwidth o 2640MHz i ka spectrum 2680MHz i hāʻawi ʻia i kēia manawa no nā pūnaewele 5G e 2026.

Kapa ʻia ka papahana ʻo ka 5G+ spectrum plan a ke manaʻo nei e hoʻolilo ʻo South Korea i ka spectrum 5G ākea loa o ka honua. Inā hoʻokō ʻia kēia pahuhopu, e loaʻa ana kahi spectrum 5G o 5,320MHz ma South Korea e 2026.


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Iulai-29-2021
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